2 ND February 2019 current update

               

2nd FEBRUARY 2019


G .S .2
Current Affairs

Category: POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

 
1.Goyal unveils Vision 2030, highlighting 10 dimensions


Context

Presenting the Interim Budget, Finance Minister Piyush Goyal has laid out the government’s vision for India in 2030, highlighting “10 most important dimensions.”

Most important dimensions of the Vision 2030

To build physical as well as social infrastructure and to provide ease of living.

To create a Digital India, digitise government processes with leaders from youth.

Making India pollution-free by leading transport revolution with Electric Vehicles and focus on Renewables.

Expanding rural industrialisation using modern digital technologies to generate massive employment.

Clean up rivers, provide safe drinking water to all Indians and ensure efficient use of water through micro-irrigation.

Scale up Sagarmala, develop other inland waterways faster, harness India’s long coastline and oceans to power India’s development and growth.

Aim at our space programme – Gaganyaan, India becoming the launch-pad of satellites for the world and placing an Indian astronaut into space by 2022.

Making India self-sufficient in food, exporting to the world to meet global food needs and producing food in the most organic way.

A healthy India via Ayushman Bharat with women having equal rights, ensuring their safety and promoting their empowerment.

Transforming India into a ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’ nation with pro-active and responsible bureaucracy.


2. Not really bullish on native cow breeds

Context

Farmers who rear the best indigenous breeds of cattle win prizes from the government. The Finance Minister Piyush Goyal announced the allotment of ₹750 crore to the Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM).

The objective is to get native breeds to produce more milk, be more fecund, and to raise the quality of Indian cows and bulls to eventually outdo Jerseys and Holsteins. Though Mr. Goyal talked of “cow welfare” and farmer distress, the RGM doesn’t look at ageing and unproductive cattle, posing a problem for farmers.

Rashtriya Gokul Mission

Potential to enhance the productivity of the indigenous breeds of India through professional farm management and superior nutrition is immense. For this it is essential to promote conservation and development of indigenous breeds.

The “Rashtriya Gokul Mission” aims to conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner

Objectives

To undertake breed improvement program for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve genetic makeup and increase the stock

To enhance milk production and productivity of indigenous bovines

To upgrade nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi

To distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds for natural service

Components

Establishment of village level Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres viz Gokul Gram

Strengthening of bull mother farms to conserve high genetic merit Indigenous Breeds

Establishment of Field Performance Recording (FPR) in the breeding tract.

Assistance to Institutions/lnstitutes which are repositories of best germplasm

Implementation of Pedigree Selection Programme for the Indigenous Breeds with large population

Establishing Gopalan Sangh- Breeder’s Societies

Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.

Incentive to farmers maintaining elite animals of indigenous breeds

Award to Farmers (Gopal Ratna) and Breeders” Societies (Kamadhenu)

Organization of Milk Yield Competitions for indigenous breeds

Organization of Training Programme for technical and non technical

Category: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

 

1. U.S. to pull out of nuclear Treaty

Context

The U.S is suspending its obligations under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty effective February 2 and will withdraw from the treaty in six months, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said at a press briefing that lasted less for about eight minutes.

Background

The Trump and Obama administrations have repeatedly alleged that Russia was violating the treaty by fielding a ground-based cruise missile, the Novator 9M729 (“SSC-8” in NATO terminology) that could strike Europe at a short notice, an allegation that Russia has repeatedly denied. The Russians have raised counter-allegations against the U.S., with regard to launchers for antiballistic missile systems in Europe.

The U.S. has also been concerned that China has been gaining a strategic advantage over it as it is not party to the treaty and bound by its terms. Withdrawal from the treaty will increase the weapons options for the U.S. in the Pacific, where China has increased its influence.

Intermediate- Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty

The 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty required the United States and the Soviet Union to eliminate and permanently forswear all of their nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 kilometers.

The treaty marked the first time the superpowers had agreed to reduce their nuclear arsenals, eliminate an entire category of nuclear weapons, and utilize extensive on-site inspections for verification. As a result of the INF Treaty, the United States and the Soviet Union destroyed a total of 2,692 short-, medium-, and intermediate-range missiles by the treaty’s implementation deadline of June 1, 1991.

Despite its name, the INF Treaty covers all types of ground-launched cruise and ballistic missiles — whether their payload is conventional or nuclear. Moscow and Washington are prohibited from deploying these missiles anywhere in the world, not just in Europe. However, the treaty applies only to ground-launched systems. Both sides are free to deploy air- and sea-launched missiles within the 500-to-5,500-kilometer range.

The treaty, signed during the Cold War in 1987, bans ground-launched missiles with a range of 500 km-5,500 km. It was key to ending the arms race between the (then) two superpowers and helped protect the U.S.’s NATO allies in Europe from Soviet missile attacks. The U.S. will formally give Russia and the other treaty parties a formal notice that it is withdrawing under Article XV of the Treaty, Mr. Pompeo said. Article XV mandates a six-month notice period before withdrawal.

  

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